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Cycle That Runs The Life Cycle of The World

Dr. Priya Gupta
(M.S. Obstetrics & Gynaecologist)

Do you remember when your last menstrual period began or how long it lasted? If not it might be the time to start paying attention.
What is menstrual cycle? Monthly period denote series of hormonal changes a woman body goes through in preparation for the possibility of pregnancy .Each month, one of the ovary releases an egg, a process called ovulation .At the same time hormonal changes prepare the uterus for pregnancy .It's lining becomes thicker and if fertilization (pregnancy) doesn’t takes place, the lining of the uterus sheds through the vagina.

As an average a female gets one period in a month i.e.26-32 days but it may vary from 21 to 35 days. Many females gets cycle every 21-22 days or may delay upto 35 days and this is normal if flow is regular .So don't get panic that you are having short or delayed cycle just keep a record about your start date, end date and flow of period .For the first few years after menstruation begins, long cycle are common, however menstrual cycles tend to shorten and become more regular as you age.

Normal amount of menstrual discharge is 30-80 ml ,40-60 on average .A scanty period is the one when you lose less than 25 ml of menstrual discharge .It is very common problem consulted by a women .Record the flow of your period .Does it seem lighter or heavier than usual ? How often do you need new sanitary protection .If there is gross difference in your cycle than consult your doctor otherwise two days proper flow is sufficient.

Light period shouldn't be a concern in young girls whose cycle hasn't established yet. Women aged 40-50 years who have scanty periods can take this phenomenon as first symptom of menopause .While 20 40 years of women are in risk group, Causes of light period may be use of contraceptive pills, PCOS, hormonal imbalance, emotional stress or hypothyroidism, too intense physical activity and pelvic infection. You need to make an appointment with a Gynae in order to determine the cause of light period and start treatment.

Some pain, cramping and discomfort during menstrual period is normal. However excessive pain that causes you to regularly miss you school or work is not .So always consult your doctor and get done medical examination to exclude any pathology and may be you don't require any treatment.

Are you bleeding between periods? If yes it needs to work out it can be because of infection, cervical erosion (ulcer), any growth from uterus, cervix or vagina, or hormonal deficiency .Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growth of the uterus. They can cause heavy menstrual period and bleeding between periods. The infection of genital organs can cause irregular menstrual bleeding and easily can be treated with proper antibiotics. Vaginal bleeding may occur during and after sexual intercourse for a number of reasons including any injury during intercourse, infection of genital s and any tumour or polyp. Women should always visit their doctor to determine the cause of bleeding.

Perimenopause is term for the menopause transition years or the years leading upto menopause .It varies from 6 month to 3 years. In this period hormone production by ovaries decreases so periods becomes irregular .It typically occurs in women in midlife during their late 40s or early 50 s ,signalling the end of the fertile phase of a woman's .

The transition is a gradual slow process ,occurs over a number of years ,and is a consequences of biological ageing .Most of the women adapts the changes comfortably .For some women ,during the transition years the accompanying signs and effects (including lack of energy ,hot flushes and mood changes ) can significantly disrupt their daily activities and sense of wellbeing .In those women various different treatment can be tried .

A female although delicate but very strong creation of God ,who goes through a lot of changes throughout her life i.e. puberty ,menarche ,pregnancy ,delivery and menopause .All phases of life have hormonal changes in body so you need to have an eye on your feminism ,take care of it and don't ignore your doubts and discuss it with a medical person.

2 comments:

Dana Shivam Hospital, Jaipur said...

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Dana Shivam Hospital, Jaipur said...

Hi
Nice Blog
Thank you for sharing valuable information
Best Hospital in Jaipur is among the best Super specialties Hospital of Jaipur that will treat and provide more than 20 service in the best possible way.